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Climate Challenges in Bihar: Siltation, Poor Drainage, and Political Apathy

Bihar is grappling with early winter chills, indicating a shift in climate patterns. Environmental experts attribute this change to factors such as inadequate green cover, erratic weather, and insufficient drainage systems. The state, prone to annual floods and drought-like situations, faces challenges exacerbated by siltation in rivers like Kosi, Kamla Balan, and Gandak.

With 21% of its area falling under seismic zone 5 and 14 vulnerable districts, Bihar requires comprehensive strategies for sustainable development. The government’s initiatives, like the Jan Jeevan Hariyali program, aim to address ecological balance and water conservation, but experts stress the need for effective implementation, including desiltation in flood-prone areas.

Connecting rivers, improving drainage, and bolstering agricultural chains are crucial steps to combat climate challenges in Bihar. Despite policy frameworks like the State Action Plan of Climate Change and international collaborations, the state must prioritize integrated and sustained efforts for climate resilience.